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We welcome contributions to the Brown vs. Board of Education Digital Archive. To submit artifacts for uploading, please see the submissions guidelines.


Title: Civil Rights Court Case Listing
Author: Michael Hartman
Date: April 23, 2004
Summary: This is a document detailing 'Separate but Equal' cases, Affirmative Action cases, and separate State Cases, that relate to equal rights for African Americans.
Title: The Southern Manifesto
Author: 96 Members of the 84th US Congress
Date: March 12, 1956
Summary: This statement denouncing Court-ordered desegregation was read before a joint session of both the US House and Senate, and entered into the Congressional Record. 
Title: Oral History Interview
Author: Nicole Castelli
Date: April 19, 2004
Summary: Interview with Jacqueline A. Norris, Assistant Professor Elementary/Early Childhood Education at The College of New Jersey, Ewing, New Jersey. Dr. Norris describes her family's experiences with desegregation in Newark, New Jersey in the 1940s and 50s, as well as her experience as the principal of a school that was placed under a desegregation court order in the 1990s.
Title: Brown vs. Board of Education Chat
Author: Thomas Dura, Robert Burnett and Douglas Adams (moderators)
Date: April 27, 2004
Summary: The transcript of a chatroom that was set up to discuss the Brown v. Board of Education case, and other related issues. The discussants identified themselves college students and recent college graduates at colleges in New Jersey, Massachusetts and California. The purpose of the conversation was to find out what students were being taught about Brown and desegregation during this 50th anniversary case, as well as their perceptions of the nation's progress in desegregating education. (MS Word Document)
Title: Email Interview with Annmarie Adams
Author: Tracy Esposito
Date: December, 2003
Summary: An interview with Annmarie Adams, an educational writer, who has covered desegregation issues for the Harford Courant newspaper
Title: Race Equality and Education Rights E-mail Interview
Author: Christine Baker
Date: December, 2003
Summary: An email correspondence between Christine Baker and Professor Stuart Carroll of the TCNJ School of Education assessing the mixed legacy of desegregation efforts in the US.
Title: International Discrimination
Author: Rachel Domingo, Erin Earley, Carina Figurasin, Melissa Hernandez, Joanna Holguin, Donna Kardos, Lauren Kidd, Kristen Zimmerman
Date: December 2003
Summary: A listing of educational discrimination throughout the global community.
Title: Diversity in Higher Education
Author: Ande Diaz, Princeton University
Date: Fall, 2003
Summary: While many in higher education believe that a diversity academic community enhances the experience of students and serves the public interest, the effort to realize those benefits continues to be fraught with challenges. Princeton University Assistant Dean of Multicultural Affairs Ande Diaz created this PowerPoint presentation to describe one university's effort to meet the challenges and sieze the opportunities.
Title: Interview with Charles Russo
Author: Rachel Domingo, Erin Earley, Carina Figurasin, Lauren Kidd and Kristen Zimmerman
Date: December, 2003
Summary: Charles Russo is a professor and chair of the Educational and Administrative Department at the University of Dayton's School of Education and Allied Professions, as well as an adjunct at the University's School of Law. Dr. Russo has assisted in organizing an April, 2004 international conference on the quest for equal educational opportunities in the US and South Africa.
Title: Brown v BOE, Social Science & Racism
Author: Helen Walters
Date: April 25, 2004
Summary: Brown v. BOE used social science in a way that affected cultural and political discourse about race. This essay traces the way in which research on the psychological impact of segregation affected literature, helped to frame late-20th century racial discourse, and more recently, helped give rise to a new generation of theorists who view use social science research and the analytical techniques of cultural studies to rethink the meaning of equality under the law.


Title: Teaching Brown Oral History Conference
Author: Dr. Gloria Dickinson (website creator)
Date: December, 2003
Summary: This site presents archived video of the "Teaching Brown" panel at the October, 2003 meeting of the Oral Historians Association. The panel was moderated by Dr. Tracey Weis of Millersville University.
Title: Interview with Dr. Eric Hurley, Smith College Psychology Department
Author: Tracy Esposito
Date: December, 2003
Summary: Dr. Hurley shares his view of the impact of desegregation efforts, from both a personal and professional perspective. He discusses the ways in which his research attempts to identify and mine the cultural assets that students from diverse backgrounds bring into classroom.This is an .MPG movie.
Title: An Oral History of African American Studies at The College of New Jersey
Author: Andrew Morgante, Mandee Wilton, Julia White
Date: December, 2003
Summary: The birth of African American Studies as a discipline can be traced to the intellectual and political consciousness that emerged from the Civil Rights agitation of the 1950s and 60s. This is an oral history interview with Prof. Gloria Dickinson and Prof. Kim Pearson about the evolution of African American Studies since the late 1960s, with particular emphasis on the faculty and student experiences at Trenton State College (now The College of New Jersey) and Princeton University. This is a Quicktime movie.
Title: Interview with Professor Adrien Wing, University of Iowa College of Law
Author: Feature Writing Class, The College of New Jersey
Date: October 31, 2003
Summary: Prof. Wing teaches comparative constitutional law and race relations law. She has also helped to craft the constitutions of the current governments in South Africa, Rwanda and the Palestinian territory. In this wide-ranging interview, Prof. Wing comments on the challenges faced by ethnic minority group members in Europe, Africa and the United States in achieving equality in education and civic life. This is a multipart interview in .MPG format. The second part of the interview is available here.
Title: Interview with Mr. Chido Nwangu, publisher,
Author: Feature Writing class, The College of New Jersey
Date: September 25, 2003
Summary: Chido Nwangu's focuses on the relationship between Africa and the Americas. This wide-ranging conversation about  contemporary African political, cultural and economic affairs includes a discussion about the impact of the US desegregation effort and the Civil Rights Movement on Africans' efforts to achieve independence and self-determination. This is a multipart interview in .MPG format. Part one is linked above. The rest of the interview is here and here. The discussion of the impact of the Brown decision and the Civil Rights Movement is in the third segment of the interview.

External Websites

Title: In Pursuit of Freedom and Equality: Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
Author: Brown Foundation for Educational Equity, Excellence and Research
Date: March 12, 2004
Summary: This site is sponsored by the foundation created by the Brown family. It features a list of "Myths and Truths" about the case, as well as interviews with Cheryl Brown Henderson, US Department of Education Secretary Rod Paige and Time/Warner CEO Richard Parsons. Information about the Foundation and publications are also available.
Title: Brown v. Board National Historic Site
Author: National Park Service
Date: Created by Public Law 102-525, enacted by Congress on October 26, 1992
Summary: The site consists of the Monroe Elementary School, one of the four segregated elementary schools for African American children in Topeka, and the adjacent grounds.  (From the website introduction.)
Title: University of Michigan Library Brown v. Board of Education Digital Archive
Author: Charles Ransom, Diversity Librarian and Archive Curator
Date: March 12, 2004
Summary: In Fall 2003, a project was begun to scan and digitize documents and photographs from a variety of sources including the Library of Congress, the Charlotte Observer newspaper, and the Ann Arbor Public Schools. The goal of this project was to obtain materials of a scholarly nature in support of the Winter 2004 LSA Theme Semester, "Fulfilling the Promise of Brown," Ann Arbor-Ypsilanti Reads, and the 50th anniversary of the landmark court decision known as Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954). (from the website).
Title: Separate Is Not Equal: Brown v. Board of Education
Author: Smithsonian Institute National Museum of American History
Date: May 12, 2004
Summary: To mark the 50-year anniversary of the Supreme Court’s groundbreaking decision that helped end legal segregation in the United States, the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History will open “Separate Is Not Equal: Brown v. Board of Education.” The one-year exhibition opens May 15 and closes May 30, 2005. (from the website).
Title: Brown v. Board of Education 50th Anniversary Bibliography
Author: Association of Research Libraries and National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Date: April 27, 2004
Summary: Comprehensive list of manuscripts, primary source documents, images and films from research libraries and private collections throughout the United States.
Title: Realize the Dream: Quality Education for All
Author: Leadership Conference on Civil Rights
Date: Spring, 2004
Summary: Notable site feature include historical background, interviews, state and national education report cards, and an events calendar.
Title:  "Eyes on the Prize: Selected Interview Transcripts"
Author: Blackside, Inc.
Date: 1979
Summary: Washington University and Blackside, Inc. have made full transcripts available of several of the interviews from the award-winning series on the Civil Rights Movement. Several of the transcripts relate specifically to Brown v. Board of Education.
Title: The State of Public School Integration: Brown v. Board of Education at 50
Author: Lewis Mumford Center
Date: 2004
Summary: These pages offer information and analysis of court-ordered desegregation as it relates to trends in racial composition and segregation from 1868 to 2000 for public elementary school districts across the nation. (From the website introduction.)
Title: The Civil Rights Project
Author: Harvard University
Date: Spring, 2004
Summary: Ongoing research project on educational equality. Substantial research data and analysis on the problem of resegregation.
Title: "With and Even Hand: Brown v. Board at Fifty"
Author: Library of Congress
Date: 2004
Summary:  "With an Even Hand" is divided into three sections. The exhibition examines precedent-setting court cases that laid the ground work for the Brown v. Board decision, explores the Supreme Court argument and the public's response to it, and closes with an overview of this profound decision's aftermath. The exhibition features more than one hundred items from the Library's extensive holdings on this subject, including books, documents, photographs, personal papers, manuscripts, maps, music, films, political cartoons, and prints. A film compilation captures the historic events and highlights media coverage of the struggle for desegregation.(From the website overview.)
Title: Realize the Dream: Quality Education for All
Author: Leadership Conference on Civil Rights
Date: Spring, 2004
Summary: Notable site feature include historical background, interviews, state and national education report cards, and an events calendar.
Title: Brown v. Board of of Education: 50th Anniversary
Author: Constitutional Rights Foundation
Date: undated
Summary: Lesson plans on a variety of topics related to the African American quest for equal rights, including topics ranging from the life of John Brown, Jim Crow, and visions of African American freedom to contemporary Affirmative Action legal cases and debates over reparations.
Title: Virtual Jim Crow Museum of Racist Memorabilia
Author: Ferris State University
Date: undated
Summary: Our mission is to promote racial tolerance by helping people understand the historical and contemporary expressions of intolerance.. (From the website introduction.)
Title: Race and Education: the 50th Anniversary of Brown v. Board of Education
Author: Gallup Poll
Date: April 27,2004
Summary: As the 50th anniversary of the U.S. Supreme Court's landmark decision on racial segregation in public schools approaches, recent Gallup polling finds that the vast majority of Americans (90%) acknowledge that educational opportunities for black children have gotten better since 1954. But other results indicate that equality in education remains elusive. According to the new survey, a majority of adults (59%) think that black children in the United States do have educational opportunities equal to those of white children, but nearly 4 in 10 (38%) say that they do not. Nearly one-third of those who believe that black children do not have equal educational options say that the situation is due to discrimination (31%) rather than some other reason (68%). (From the press release on the website)
Title: With All Deliberate Speed
Author: Serviam Media, Inc
Summary: Companion website for an educational documentary film of the same name. Contains information on legal strategies, precedents, the Brown decision itself, the aftermath and the decision's legacy. An electronic press kit is also provided.
Title: 50th Anniversary Commemoration Websites
Author: Various
Date: Various
Summary: This is a compilation of sites announcing various commemorations and conferences celebrating the 50th anniversary of the Brown v. Board of Education decision. Many of these websites included archived webcasts and articles.


International Comparative Conference: Brown v. Board of Education at 50 and South Africa at 10 The Faculty of Education of the University of Pretoria, Interuniversity Centre for Education Law and Education Policy, South African Education Law and Policy Association, the Centre for Human Rights (University of Pretoria, the Dayton University, Ohio and the Education Law Association (USA) Initiative with collaboration of the Embassy of the USA (Pretoria).


  • 50 Years of Landmark Legislation: Brown v. Board of Education, Congressional Black Congressional Foundation
  • Brown Matters NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund
    Brown 50 Years and Beyond: Progress and Promise. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
    By State
    • California
  • Brown v. Board of Education: 50th Anniversary Symposium. Stanford University Law School
  • Brown v. Board of Education: The Southern California Perspective. University of California at San Diego
  • Brown v. Board of Education: 50 Years of Progress: From the Classroom to the Boardroom. Los Angeles


    • Connecticut

    Brown v. Board of Education: The Legacy of the Last 50 Years. Yale University Law School and Howard University Law School (see Howard University Law School entry under "District of Columbia."

    • District of Columbia

    Brown v. Board of Education at 50. Howard University Law School

    “Still Not Equal: Expanding Opportunity in Global Societies.” Frederick D. Patterson Research Institute (United Negro College Fund.

    • Florida
  • Beyond Brown: Children, Race and Education. University of Florida College of Law
    Extended Campus Dialogue University of Illinois-Urbana Champaign
    • Illinois

    Brown v. Board of Education: Commemorating 50 Years, Indiana University.

    • Maryland
    • Massachusetts

    Harvard to Celebrate 50th Anniversary of Brown v. Board of Education. Harvard University Law School

    • Michigan
  • Civil Rights and the Press. Syracuse University
    • North Carolina
  • Brown v. Board of Education: How it Has Changed Us: A UNCW Learning Communities Initiative. University of North Carolina at Wilmington
    • Ohio
  • Brown v. Board of Education Special Initiative: Speakers. Ohio Humanities Council
  • 50th Anniversary of Landmark Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka Symposium. University of Akron Law School
    • Pennsylvania

    Brown v. Board of Education: 50 Years of Progress: From the Classroom to the Boardroom. Philadelphia


    • South Carolina
  • Southern Regional Conference Gala University of South Carolina
    • Washington

    Brown v. Board of Education: A 50th Anniversary Exhibit. Seattle University Law School

    Major Media Coverage

  • Kansas
    Print and Online